The distinction between . The confusion in Hegelian philosophy; a fitting observation on this by R. Nielsen in his Propedeutiske Logik.
The enthymeme is a rhetorical syllogism.
Rhetoric is the capacity, the rhetorical ability, to consider in everything that which is suitable for awakening belief (πιθανóν).
Every other [art] will either instruct or awaken conviction (διδασκαλικη—πιστικη).
πíστις, in the plural, the means whereby conviction is awakened (consequently active).
Three kinds of πíστεις in speaking: (1) that which is constituted by the character of the speaker (), (2) that which puts the hearer in a particular mood, (3) that which lies in the speech itself in that it proves or seems to prove.
Rhetoric becomes an off-shoot of dialectic and of that part of morals which can be called politics.
There are three kinds of hearers, therefore [three kinds of] speakers:
- to θεωρòς (the knowledgeable), the artful speech (επιδεικτικòς)
praise and censure
the praiseworthy — the vicious
- to deliberative assemblies (ο εκκλησιαστης)
persuading — dissuading
benefit — harm
- to the judge
accusation — defense
justice — injustice
- The character of the speaker ().
- The listeners are brought into a certain state.
- The speech proves or seems to prove.
- in deliberative conclusions.
- before courts.
Addition to previous:
In his Rhetoric
Aristotle does not consider
the "listener" at all.—
Only in Book I, ch. 3,
at the very beginning, is
there a little bit.
marked in my copy of