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Some Anecdotes about Diogenes of Sinope
by Diogenes Laërtius (3rd Century CE)

On how Diogenes became a philosopher


On Begging


Where are the real men?


Diogenes' Virtue Thought Excessive by Others
(as in the worldly wise saying, "Excessive force brings bad consequences.")


Conqueror of Men


Thou Art Dust


The Reversal of Values


Life and Death the Same


Live Simply


Stop being a hypocrite


Vanity of the Virtuous


On the Complacency of the Old


Sucking-up, a.k.a Syncophacy and Flattery:


Chastising effeminacy:


Mocking Gods, Beliefs, Rituals, and Cherished Values:


Idiot Philosophers:


Diogenes' life as a slave:

.... when he was sold as a slave, he endured it most nobly. For on a voyage to Aegina he was captured by pirates under the command of Scirpalus, conveyed to Crete and exposed for sale. When the auctioneer asked in what he was proficient, he replied, "In ruling men." Thereupon he pointed to a certain Corinthian with a fine purple border to his robe, the man named Xeniades above-mentioned, and said, "Sell me to this man; he needs a master." Thus Xeniades came to buy him, and took him to Corinth and set him over his own children and entrusted his whole household to him. And he administered it in all respects in such a manner that Xeniades used to go about saying, "A good genius has entered my house."


Diogenes' writings:

The following writings are attributed to him. Dialogues:

Seven Tragedies:

Sosicrates in the first book of his Successions, and Satyrus in the fourth book of his Lives, allege that Diogenes left nothing in writing, and Satyrus adds that the sorry tragedies are by his friend Philiscus, the Aeginetan. Sotion in his seventh book declares that only the following are genuine works of Diogenes: On Virtue, On Good, On Love, A Mendicant, Tolmaeus, Pordalus, Casandrus, Cephalion, Philiscus, Aristarchus, Sisyphus, Ganymedes, Anecdotes, Letters.

There have been five men who were named Diogenes. The first, of Apollonia, a natural philosopher. The beginning of his treatise runs thus: "At the outset of every discourse, methinks, one should see to it that the basis laid down is unquestionable." The second — of Sicyon — who wrote an "Account of Peloponnesus." The third, our present subject. The fourth, a Stoic born at Seleucia, who is also called the Babylonian, because Seleucia is near Babylon. The fifth, of Tarsus, author of a work on poetical problems, which he attempts to solve.



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