Schizotypal vs. Schizotypoid

Schizotypal Personality Disorder.  Indicated primarily by a split with mainstream society's reality, and with the following symptoms:

  1. Anti-social behaviour, preferring solitude and to keep a distance from others.
  2. Holds individualistic, original, and uncommon views, and has a distinct sense of their own destiny.
  3. Unable to adjust own behaviour and thinking to suit others for a sense of social harmony.
  4. Accustomed to misjudgment by others, and may develop fear of humiliation, or a highly forgiving nature.
  5. Has an obsessive interest in thinking and in understanding reality, which may tend towards abnormal eccentricities, e.g. superstition, the paranormal (UFOs, telepathy), or else towards extremist rationality and wisdom.
  6. Shows reduced affectivity, by either suppressing and controlling emotions, or by having minimal egotism.
  7. Lack of close friends or confidants, other than first-degree relatives (if at all)
  8. Unusual speech, behaviour, and appearance. Clearly spends more effort introspectively creating an original link between own values and expression.
  9. Tendency to value own authority.
  10. Suspicious of all human motives.

Schizotypoid Personality Disorder.  Indicated primarily by a split with reality, and with the following symptoms:

  1. Desires emotional relationships with others, and tends to selfishly impose themselves on those around them.
  2. Tends towards group activities, seeking affirmation by others, and has little feeling of self-worth.
  3. Has obsessive interest in sexual and/or emotional contact with others, but avoids all deeper, spiritual connection.
  4. Overriding tendency towards fantasy.
  5. Seeks vain enjoyment in all manner of activities, but rarely achieves any satisfaction.
  6. Tends to have lots of friends, but lacks any truly caring, understanding relationships.
  7. Obsessive interest in the praise or criticism of others. Takes great care in physical appearance and fashion.
  8. Shows emotional lack of control, irrational attachment, and exaggerated affectivity.
  9. Tendency to blindly follow authorities, whom they create.


A short discussion*:

The way I see it, the "Schizotypoids" are in fact just normal, average people. One of the obvious problems of treating patients with this disorder is that the patient tends to deny there is anything wrong with them, and will not seek treatment, or be responsive to treatment. — Kevin Solway

I agree for the most part, but as the "Schizotypoids" is extreme in vanity, materialism, egotism, the "Schizoid" is extreme in other areas, which also includes egotism, in such scenarios as interacting with society, creating the effect of hermitage and complete alienation. — 'Cassiopeiae'

Yes, the true Schizoid is as much an egotist as the normal, average person, only their egotism takes a different expression - it may seek identity in being different to everyone else rather than in being the same as everyone else. However, it is a tendency of normal, average people (Schizotypoids) to label any non-normal (non-Schizotypoid) person as "Schizoid", even if that person is not egotistical. Unfortunately, the truly schizoid person will fail to fight back against whatever is done to him by the schizotypoids - as part of his condition (schizoids tend to be passive, and don't make waves). — Kevin Solway

The true schizoid is egotistical, but one who calls himself a schizoid is not necessarily egotistical? — 'Cassiopeiae'

Not necessarily. If I call you by the name "Janine" often enough, you might even start to accept the name "Janine", just because you couldn't be bothered arguing with it. However, you still know what your real name is. Similarly, a person might call himself "schizoid" just because that's what society says he is, and he couldn't be bothered arguing with it. A wise person would probably split the "schizoid" category into "schizoid disorder" and "schizoid heaven", the former being the egotistical person with a problem, and the latter being the wise person with an advantage. — Kevin Solway


*From the Genius Forum.   Discussions on the nature of Ultimate Reality and the path to Enlightenment.   Founded by David Quinn, Kevin Solway, and Dan Rowden.     Don't miss it!